VIM Useful Commands

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Here is a list of some usefull commands and settings from VIM:

Useful VIM Modules

  • A for fast switching between .cxx/.c and .h

Table of VIM commands and settings

Key Value
v Visual select mode
CTRL-v Visual select block mode
  • once you have rectangular block, you can remove block with 'd'
  • insert text in front of the block with capital 'I'
  • append text after the block with capital 'A'
  • change text with 'c'
  • cut text using 'x' and paste using 'p'
  • change text to single characters using 'R'
gq Word wrap - make text, comments look nicer
CTRL-ww Switch window
:bd Close buffer
:ls List buffers
:b1 - :bn Switch to buffer n - :b5 - switch to buffer 5
:sbn Same as :b1 - :bn, but split
:CTRL-w q Close current buffer/window
:on Show only current buffer
:mkvimrc file Save VIM settings
:new file Open file in new window
:split Split current window
set wildmode=longest Tab clompletion behaves more like in emacs or zsh. To get the full list, press CTRL-D
set hlsearch Hilight the search results
set incsearch Incrementally search (like emacs)
set guioptions-=T Remove toolbar
set guioptions-=m Remove menu
set guioptions+=f When running gvim, it will stay in foreground.
set autochdir Automatically cd to directory of the buffer. This is a great feature, but it only seems to work on certain VIM clients even though it is in the help file.
colorscheme darkblue Select "darkblue" as color scheme
set selection=exclusive Only select up to (not including) the character where cursor is
CTRL-^ Switch buffer
CTRL-w CTRL-^ Split and switch
set path=/some/path/** Set internal find path to /some/path and all subdirectories
:find file Search for file in the path
set smartcase Search with regards to case like in emacs (type small case will search case independent, type mixed case will search exact case) - Has to be used with :set ignorecase
CTRL-a Increment number right of the cursor
CTRL-x Decrement number right of the cursor
CTRL-] Jump to label
CTRL-T Go back
] CTRL-i Jump to file under cursor
% Jump to matching {}, (), [], ...
:make Compile project
:make -C directorye Compile project in specific directory (Only gmake)
:cc Show current error (after :make)
:cn Go to next error (after :make)
:cp Go to previous error (after :make)
* Search for word under the cursor
[ SHIFT-i Display all occurances of the word under the cursor in the file